J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien, 1940s.jpg
Riegádanođđajagimánu 3. beaivvi 1892:s(1892-01-03)[1][2][…]
Jápmánčakčamánu 2. beaivvi 1973:s(1973-09-02)[1][2][…] (81)
HávdiOxford ja Wolvercote Cemetery (en) Translate
Čearddalašvuohtaenglándalaččat[d]
Riikkavulošvuohta
Bargu
Ámmátgielladutki, diktačálli, allaskuvlalektor, mánáidgirječálli, jorgaleaddji, literary critic (en) Translate, essayist (en) Translate, soahtehearrá, girječálli, girječálli, historihkkár, govvejeaddji ja oahpaheaddji
Giellaeaŋgalsgiella, dološ eaŋgalasgiella, láhtengiella, Quenya (en) Translate, Sindarin (en) Translate ja Khuzdûl (en) Translate
BálkkašumitCommander of the Order of the British Empire (en) Translate, Prometheus Award - Hall of Fame (en) Translate, Prometheus Award (en) Translate, Nebula Award for Best Script (en) Translate, Nebula Award for Best Script (en) Translate, Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel (en) Translate, Nebula Award for Best Script (en) Translate, Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation (en) Translate, Hugo Award for Beast Dromatic Presentation (Long Form) (en) Translate, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (en) Translate ja Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
Bearaš
VáhnematMabel Suffield ja Arthur Reuel Tolkien
GuoibmiEdith Tolkien
MánátJohn Francis Reuel Tolkien (en) Translate, Michael Hilary Reuel Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien ja Priscilla Mary Anne Reuel Tolkien
Lassedieđut
Ruovttusiiduhttp://tolkienestate.com ja http://www.tolkien.co.uk
Commons-logo.svg J. R. R. Tolkien
Wikimedia Commonsas

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3.1.1892 – 2.9.1973) lei englándalaš girječálli, filologa ja professor Oxforda universitehtas. Su beakkáneamos girjjit leat Lord of the Rings (Suorpmasiid hearrá), The Hobbit ja The Silmarillion.

J.R.R. Tolkiena váikkuhusat fantasiijagirjjálašvuhtii leat hui mearkkašahtti. Ollugat su atnet joba fantasiijagirjjálašvuođa áhččin, vaikko son ii leange vuosttas fantasiijagirječálli. Su girjjit leat fantasiijagirjjálášvuođa klassihkkárat, mat leat leamaš ovdagovvan eará fantasiijagirječálliide. Peter Jackson bagadii 2001–2003 Suorpmasiid hearrás filbmatrilogiija, mii menestuvai erenoamaš bures ja oaččui oktiibuot 17 Oscar-bálkkášumi.

Suorpmasiid hearrá ja The Hobbit guovddáš temát leat dáistaleamit bahá ja buorre fámut gaskkas. Tolkien válddii su girjjáláš bargui ollu váikkuhusa myhtain ja álbmotmáidnasiin ja –eposiin, earrát eará Kalevalas ja vikiŋgaságain.

Suorpmasiid hearrá lea jorgaluvvon 38 gillii, muhto ii sámegillii.

BibliografiijaEdit

Duojit, mat sajáiduvvet Middle-Earthii (Gaskaeatnamii)Edit

  • The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, 1937
  • The Lord of the Rings (Suorpmasiid hearrá), 1954–1955.
  • Oasit: The Fellowship of the Ring, 1954.
  • The Two Towers, 1954
  • The Return of the King, 1955

Eará Gaskaeatnamii sajáiduvvi duojitEdit

  • Bilbo’s Last Song, 1974, 1990
  • The Silmarillion, 1977. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien.
  • Unfinished Tales, 1980. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien.
  • The Children of Húrin, 2007. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. Gov. Alan Lee
  • The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and other verses from The Red Book, 1962.

Eará duojitEdit

  • Farmer Giles of Ham, 1949
  • Tree and Leaf, 1964
  • Smith of Wootton Major, 1967.) Gov. Pauline Baynes.
  • Letters from Father Christmas, 1976, 2004. Doaim. Baillie Tolkien.
  • The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, 1981. Doaim. Humphrey Carpenter.
  • Mr. Bliss, 1982
  • Roverandom, 1998. Doaim. Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond.
  • Tales from the Perilous Realm, 2008. Gov. Alan Lee. WSOY, 2010.
  • The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth, Beorhthelm's Son. Essays and Studies by Members of the English Association, 1953, 6. vsč. John Murray.
  • The Road Goes Ever On: A Song Cycle. Ovttas Donald Swanniin. Allen & Unwin, 1967.
  • Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings. Duojis A Tolkien Compass. Del Rey, 1975. ISBN 0-8754-8303-8.
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, and Sir Orfeo. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. Ballantine Books, 1975. ISBN 0-345-27760-0.
  • The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. Allen & Unwin, 1984. ISBN 0-04-809019-0.
  • The History of Middle-earth 1–12. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. The Book of Lost Tales, Part One. Allen & Unwin, 1984. ISBN 0-04-823238-6.
  • J. R. R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator. Doaim. Wayne G. Hammond ja Christina Scull. HarperCollins, 1995. ISBN 0-261-10322-9.
  • The History of The Hobbit. Doaim. John D. Rateliff. HarperCollins, 2007. ISBN 0-00-723555-0.
  • The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 978-0-00-731723-3.
  • The Fall of Arthur. Doaim. Christopher Tolkien. HarperCollins, 2013.

GáldutEdit

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Saksan kansalliskirjasto, Berliinin valtionkirjasto, Baijerin osavaltionkirjasto et al. Record #118623222 // Общий нормативный контроль (GND) — 2012—2016.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Bibliothèque nationale de France идентификатор BNF: платформа открытых данных — 2011.
  3. Tolkiens Reise nach Mittelerde: Ein neuer Blick in die Welten J.R.R. Tolkiens — 1 — Kow: Heel Verlag, 2013. — S. 2. — 338 s. — ISBN 978-3-86852-826-8
  4. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/598643/JRR-Tolkien
  5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/uk/jrr_tolkien/newsid_2388000/2388813.stm
  6. Tolkiens Reise nach Mittelerde: Ein neuer Blick in die Welten J.R.R. Tolkiens — 1 — Kow: Heel Verlag, 2013. — S. 33. — 338 s. — ISBN 978-3-86852-826-8
  7. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/third-and-final-lord-of-the-rings-movie-opens
  8. http://amsaw.org/amsaw-ithappenedinhistory-010305-tolkien.html
  9. http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/michael-schumacher-racing-driver-is-44-today-218391.html